Gawler was recalled and replaced by Governor Grey in 1841.
Grey slashed public expenditure against heavy opposition, although its impact was negligible at this point: silver was discovered in Glen Osmond that year, agriculture was well underway, and other mines sprung up all over the state, aiding Adelaide's commercial development.
It ranks highly in terms of liveability, being listed in the Top 10 of The Economist Intelligence Unit Prior to its proclamation as a British settlement in 1836, the area around Adelaide was inhabited by the indigenous Kaurna Aboriginal nation (pronounced "Garner").
Kaurna culture and language was almost completely destroyed within a few decades of the European settlement of South Australia in 1836.
Most of these are concentrated in the city centre along the cultural boulevard of North Terrace, King William Street and in various districts of the metropolitan area.